What is an adjective?

An adjective is a word that describes or modifies a noun (a person, place, thing, or idea). Adjectives add details to nouns, helping us understand more about them by giving qualities or characteristics.

Adjective Examples

Let’s look at a sentence to understand this better.

In the sentence, “The red apple is delicious,”

the word “red” is an adjective. It tells us more about the apple. In this case, it tells us the color of the apple.

Types of Adjectives:

1) Descriptive Adjectives: These adjectives provide specific information about a noun’s characteristics or qualities.

For example:
• The tall giraffe is eating leaves.
• She lives in a cozy cottage.

2) Quantitative Adjectives: These adjectives give information about the quantity or number of a noun.

For example:
• I have three books to read.
• There are many birds in the sky.

3) Demonstrative Adjectives: These adjectives point out or identify a particular noun. Common examples are “this,” “that,” “these,” and “those.”

For example:

• This cat is very playful.
• I prefer those shoes.

4) Possessive Adjectives: These adjectives show ownership or possession. They include words like “my,” “your,” “his,” “her,” “its,” “our,” and “their.”

For example:
• My car is parked in the driveway.
• Their house is beautiful.

5) Proper Adjectives: These adjectives are formed from proper nouns (names of specific people, places, or things) and are used to describe them.

For example:
• She visited Paris and had French pastries.
• The Shakespearean play was excellent.

6) Interrogative Adjectives: Interrogative adjectives are used to ask questions about which or what particular thing or things we are referring to. They often come before a noun.

For Example:
• Which book do you want to read?
• What movie did you watch last night?
• Whose bag is this?

In these sentences, “which,” “what,” and “whose” are interrogative adjectives because they are asking questions about specific nouns (book, movie, bag).

7) Compound Adjectives: Compound adjectives are formed by combining two or more words to describe a noun. They work together as a single unit to give more information about the noun.

For Example:
• She lives in a three-story house.
• He wore a blue-eyed mask.
• It’s a high-speed train.

In these sentences, “three-story,” “blue-eyed,” and “high-speed” are compound adjectives because they consist of two words joined together to describe a noun (house, mask, train).

Adjectives List

  • Happy: She’s a happy person.
  • Beautiful: The sunset is so beautiful.
  • Tall: He’s a tall basketball player.
  • Funny: That comedian is really funny.
  • Delicious: The pizza is absolutely delicious.
  • Smart: She’s a smart student.
  • Fast: The car is incredibly fast.
  • Small: It’s a small puppy.
  • Interesting: The documentary was quite interesting.
  • Cold: The ice cream is really cold.
  • Brave: The firefighter is very brave.
  • Honest: She’s known for being honest.
  • Strong: He’s a strong athlete.
  • Kind: She’s such a kind person.
  • Noisy: The party was very noisy.
  • Big: That’s a big mountain.
  • Dark: The room is getting dark.
  • Friendly: The neighbor is very friendly.
  • Hardworking: He’s a hardworking employee.
  • Clean: The kitchen is so clean.
  • Famous: The actor is famous.
  • Exciting: The roller coaster ride was exciting.
  • Cute: The baby is really cute.
  • Ancient: The ruins are ancient.
  • Colorful: The painting is very colorful.